Research projects
Chapman CV
Collaborators and alumni

Leftwich, PT, Clarke NVE. Hutchings & Chapman T. (2017) Gut microbiomes and reproductive isolation in Drosophila. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA.  Nov 6th online early. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1708345114.

Darrington M, Dalmay T, Morrison NI, & Chapman T. (2017) Implementing the sterile insect technique with RNA interference. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, in press. Special Issue on SIT.

Bretman A, Rouse J, Westmancoat JD & Chapman T. (2017) The role of species-specific sensory cues in male responses to mating rivals in D. melanogaster fruitflies. Ecology and Evolution, https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3455.  

Mohorianu I, Bretman A, Smith DT, Fowler E, Dalmay T & Chapman T. (2017) Comparison of alternative approaches for analysing multi-level RNA-seq data. PLoS One, 12, e0182694.

Godwin JL, Vasudeva R, Michalczyk Ł, Martin OY, Lumley AJ, Chapman T. & Gage, MJG. (2017) Experimental evolution reveals that sperm competition intensity selects for longer, more costly sperm. Evolution Letters, 1, 102-113.

Fricke C & Chapman T. (2017) Variation in the post-mating fitness landscape in fruitflies. J. Evol. Biol, 30, 1250–1261. Editor’s choice article, July 2017.

Chapman, T & Wolfner, MF (2017) Make love, then war. Nature Ecol & Evol 1, 0174.

Mohorianu I, Bretman A, Smith DT, Fowler E, Dalmay T & Chapman T. (2017) Genomic responses to socio-sexual environment in male Drosophila melanogaster exposed to conspecific rivals. RNA, 23, 1048-1059.

Duxbury E, Rostant WR, Chapman T. (2017) Manipulation of feeding regime alters sexual dimorphism for lifespan and reduces sexual conflict in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. Proc Roy Soc B, 284, 20170391.

Longdon B, Day JP, Schulz N,  Leftwich PT, de Jong MA, Breuker CJ, Gibb M, Obbard DJ, Wilfert L, Smith SCL, McGonigle JE, Houslay TM, Wright L, Livraghi L, Evans LC, Friend LA, Chapman T, Vontas J, Kambouraki N, & Jiggins FM. (2017). Vertically transmitted rhabdoviruses are found across three insect families and have dynamic interactions with their hosts. Proc Roy Soc B. 284, 20162381.

Smith DT, Clarke NVE, Boone JM, Fricke C & Chapman T. (2017) Sexual conflict over remating interval is modulated by the sex peptide pathway. Proc Roy Soc B. 284, 20162394.

Leftwich PT, Nash WJ, Friend LA, Chapman T. (2017) Adaptation to divergent larval diets in the medfly, Ceratitis capitata. Evolution 77, 289–303.

Wolfner MF & Chapman T. (2016) Semen toxicity. In: Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science, edited by Todd K. Shackelford and Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford. Spinger Nature. Pp1-5. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3081-1.

Mason JS, Rostant WG & Chapman T. (2016) Resource limitation and responses to rivals in males of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. J. Evol Biol. DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12924.

Green, D, Dalmay, T & Chapman T (2016). Microguards and micromessengers of the genome. Heredity, 116:125-134. doi:10.1038/hdy.2015.84

Leftwich PT, Bolton M & Chapman T. (2016). Evolutionary biology and genetic techniques for insect control. Evolutionary Applications, 9, 212–230. DOI: 10.1111/eva.12280


Bretman A, Fricke C, Westmancoat JD & Chapman T. (2015). Effect of competitive cues on reproductive morphology and behavioural plasticity in male fruitflies Behavioural Ecology, 27, 452-461. doi: 10.1093/beheco/arv170 .

Lumley AJ, Michalczyk Ł, Kitson JNJ, Spurgin LG, Morrison CA, Godwin JL, Dickinson ME, Martin OY, Emerson BC, Chapman T & Gage MJG. (2015). Sexual selection protects against extinction. Nature, 522, 470-473.

Fricke, C., Green, D. Damian Smith, D.T. Dalmay, T. & Chapman, T. (2014). MicroRNAs influence reproductive responses by females to male sex peptide in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics, 198, 1603-1619.

Brockhurst MA, Chapman T, King KC, Mank JE, Paterson S & Hurst GDD (2014) Running with the Red Queen: the role of biotic conflicts in evolution. Proc Roy Soc B. 281, 20141382. Darwin Review.

Chapman, T. (2014). Sexual conflict and evolutionary psychology: towards a unified framework. In: The Evolution of Sexuality. Eds TK Shackelford and RD Hansen. Springer: New York.

Sirot LK, Wong A, Chapman T*, Wolfner MF*. (2014). Sexual conflict and seminal fluid proteins: a dynamic landscape of sexual interactions. In: Sexual Conflict. Eds WR Rice and S Gavrilets. CSHL press.

Leftwich PT, Koukidou M, Rempoulakis P, Gong H-F, Zacharopoulou A, Fu G, Chapman T, Economopoulos A, Vontas J & Alphey A. (2014). Genetic elimination of field-cage populations of Mediterranean Fruit Flies. Proc Roy Soc B. 281, 20141372.

Edward, D.A., Poissant, J., Wilson, A.J. & Chapman, T. (2014). Sexual conflict and interacting phenotypes: a quantitative genetic analysis of fecundity and copula duration in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution, 68, 1651–1660.

Nash, WJ & Chapman, T. (2014). Effect of dietary components on larval life history characteristics in the Medfly (Ceratitis capitata: Diptera, Tephritidae). PLoS One, e86029.

Bretman, A., Westmancoat, J. D. & Chapman, T. (2013) Male control of mating duration following exposure to rivals in fruitflies. J Insect Physiol. 59, 824–827.

Gerrard, DT, Fricke, C, Edward, DA, Edwards, DR & Chapman, T. (2013) Genome-wide responses of female fruit flies subjected to divergent mating regimes. PLoS One 8(6): e68136.

Edward, D.A. & Chapman, T. (2013) Life history variation in male mate choice in Drosophila melanogaster. Animal Behaviour, 86, 269-275.

Fricke, C, Green, D, Mills, WE & Chapman, T. (2013) Age-dependent female responses to a male ejaculate signal alter demographic opportunities for selection. Proc Roy Soc B. 280, 20130428.

Bretman, A, Westmancoat, JD, Gage, MJG & Chapman, T. (2013) Costs and benefits of lifetime exposure to mating rivals in male Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution. 67, 2413–2422.

Edward, D.A. & Chapman, T. (2013) Variation in male mate choice in Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS One, 8(2): e56299.

Snook, RR, Gidaszewski, NA, Chapman, T, & Simmons, LW. (2013) Experimental sexual selection and sex comb evolution in Drosophila. J. Evol Biol.

Gioti, A., Wigby, S., Wertheim, B., Schuster, E., Martinez, P., Pennington, C.J., Partridge, L. & Chapman, T. (2012) Sex peptide of D. melanogaster males is a global regulator of reproductive processes in females. Proc Roy Soc B, 279, 4423-4432.

Leftwich PT, Edward DA, Alphey L, Gage MJG & Chapman T. (2012) Variation in adult sex ratio alters the association between courtship, mating frequency and paternity in the lek-forming fruitfly Ceratitis capitata. J. Evol Biol., 25, 1732–1740.

Edward DA & Chapman T. (2012) Measuring the fitness benefits of male mate choice in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution, 66, 2646–2653.

Edward DA & Chapman T. (2012) Sex specific effects of developmental environment on reproductive trait expression in Drosophila melanogaster. Ecology and Evolution, 2, 1362–1370.

Bretman A, Westmancoat JD, Gage, MJG & Chapman T. (2012) Individual plastic responses by males to rivals reveal mismatches between behaviour and fitness outcomes. Proc Roy Soc B, 279, 2868-2876.

Brommer, J. E., Fricke, C., Edward, D. A. & Chapman, T. (2012) Interactions between genotype and sexual conflict environment influence transgenerational fitness in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 66, 517-531.

Edward, D. A. & Chapman, T. Mechanisms underlying costs of reproduction. (2011) In: Molecular mechanisms underlying life history evolution. T. Flatt & A. Heyland (eds). Oxford University press. pp 137-152. ISBN 978-0-19-956877-2.

Edward, D.A. & Chapman, T. (2011) Evolutionary significance of male mate choice. Trends Ecol Evol. 12, 647-654.

Bretman, A., Gage, M. J. G., & Chapman, T. (2011) Quick-change artists: Male plastic behavioural responses to rivals. Trends Ecol Evol.  26, 467-473.

Michalczyk, Ł, Millard, A. L., Martin, O. Y. Lumley, A. J., Emerson, B. C., Chapman, T. & Gage, M. J. G. (2011) Inbreeding Promotes Female Promiscuity. Science, 333, 1739-1742.

Bretman, A., Westmancoat, J. D., Gage, M. J. G. & Chapman, T. (2011) Multiple, redundant cues used by males to detect mating rivals. Current Biology, 21, 617-622.

Edward, D.A., Fricke, C., Gerrard, D.T. & Chapman, T. (2011) Quantifying the life history response to increased male exposure in female Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution, 65, 564-573.

Wigby, S., Slack, C., Grönke, S., Martinez, P., Chapman, T. & Partridge, L. (2011) Insulin signalling modulates mating in female Drosophila. Proc Roy Soc B, 278, 424-431.

Fricke, C., Bretman, A. & Chapman, T.  (2010) Sexual conflict. In Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology. DF Westneat & CW Fox (eds). Oxford University Press. pp 400-415.

Fricke, C., Martin, O.Y., Bretman, A., Bussière, L. & Chapman, T. (2010) Sperm competitive ability and indices of lifetime reproductive success. Evolution. 64, 2746-2757.

Edward, D. A., Fricke, C. & Chapman, T. (2010) Adaptations to sexual selection and sexual conflict: insights from experimental evolution and artificial selection. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. 365, 2541-2548.

Chapman, T. (2010) Wonderful and just plain weird: the glorious biology of sperm. Review of: Sperm Biology, An Evolutionary Perspective 2009. Eds TR Birkhead, DJ Hosken, S Pitnick. Evolution, 64, 1857–1860.

Bretman, A. Fricke, C. Hetherington, P., Stone, R. & Chapman, T.  (2010) Variation in exposure to rivals and plastic responses to sperm competition in Drosophila melanogaster. Behav. Ecol. 21, 317-321.

Fricke, C., Bretman A. & Chapman, T. (2009) Female nutritional status determines the magnitude and sign of responses to a male ejaculate signal in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Evol Biol. 23, 157-165.

Bretman, A, Lawniczak, M.K.N., Boone, J.M. & Chapman, T. (2009) A mating plug protein reduces early female remating in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Insect Physiology. 56, 107-113.

Wigby, S., Sirot, L., Linklater, J.R., Buehner, N., Calboli, F.C.F., Bretman, A., Wolfner, M.F. & Chapman, T. (2009). Seminal fluid protein allocation and male reproductive success Current Biology, 19, 1-7.

Hosken, D.J., Martin, O.Y., Wigby, S., Chapman, T.  & Hodgson, D.J. (2009) Sexual conflict and reproductive isolation in flies. Biology Letters, 5, 697-699.

Fricke, C., Perry, J., Chapman, T. & Rowe, L. (2009) Conditional economics of sexual conflict. Biology Letters, 5, 671-674.

Snook, R.R, Chapman, T., Moore, P.J., Wedell, N. & Crudgington, H.S. (2009) Interactions between the sexes: new perspectives on sexual selection and reproductive isolation. Evolutionary Ecology, 23, 71-91.

Chapman, T. (2009) Finding the right plugin: mosquitoes have the answer. PLoS Biology 7(12): e1000273.

Chapman, T. (2009) Sexual conflict and sex allocation. Biology Letters, 5, 660-662.

Bretman, A., Fricke, C. & Chapman, T. (2009) Plastic responses of male D. melanogaster to the level of sperm competition increase male reproductive fitness.  Proc R Soc B 276, 1705-1711.

Fricke, C., Wigby, S., Hobbs, R. & Chapman, T.  (2009) The benefits of male ejaculate sex peptide transfer in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Evolutionary Biology 22, 275-286.

Chapman, T. (2008) Evolutionary biology: sterile saviours? Current Biology, 18, R261-R263.

Chapman, T. (2008) The soup in my fly: evolution, form and function of seminal fluid proteins. PLoS Biology 6(7):e179.

Fricke, C., Bretman, A. & Chapman, T. (2008) Adult male nutrition and reproductive success in Drosophila melanogaster Evolution 62, 3170-3177.

Rogers, D. W., Denniff, M., Chapman, T., Fowler, K. & Pomiankowski, A. (2008) Male sexual ornament size is positively associated with reproductive morphology and enhanced fertility in the stalk-eyed fly Teleopsis dalmanni. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8, 236.

Barnes, A.I., Wigby, S., Boone, J., Partridge, L. & Chapman, T. (2008) Feeding, fecundity and lifespan in female Drosophila melanogaster. Proc. R. Soc. B. 275, 1675-1683.

Mueller, J. L., Linklater, J, R., Chapman, T., Wolfner, M.F. (2008) Targeted gene deletion and phenotypic analysis of the Drosophila melanogaster seminal fluid protease inhibitor Acp62F Genetics, 178, 1605-1614.

Kraaijeveld, K., Denniff,  M., Baker, R.H. & Chapman, T. (2008) The evolution of sperm and non-sperm producing organs in male Drosophila. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 94, 505-512.

Wigby, S., Domanitskaya, E.V., Choffat, Y. Kubli, E. & Chapman, T. (2008) The effect of mating on immunity can be masked by experimental injection in female Drosophila melanogaster. J. Insect Physiol. 54, 414-420.

Reuter, M. Linklater, J.R. Lehmann, L., Fowler, K., Chapman, T. & Hurst, G.D.D.  (2008) Adaptation to experimental alterations of the operational sex ratio in populations of Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution, 62, 401-412.

Lawniczak, M.K.N., Barnes, A.I., Linklater, J.R., Boone, J.M., Wigby, S. & Chapman, T. (2007) Mating and immunity in invertebrates. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22, 48-55.

Linklater, J.R., Wertheim, B., Wigby, S. & Chapman, T. (2007) Ejaculate depletion patterns evolve in response to experimental manipulation of sex ratio in D. melanogaster. Evolution, 61, 2027-2034.

Barnes, A.I., Boone, J.M., Partridge, L. & Chapman, T. (2007) A functioning ovary is not required for sex peptide to reduce receptivity to mating in D. melanogaster. J. Insect Physiology, 53, 343-348.

Chapman, T. (2006) Sex and Power. Review of: Sexual Conflict by Goran Arnqvist and Locke Rowe 2005 Princeton University Press. Nature, 439, 537.

Davies, S.J. & Chapman, T. (2006) Identification of genes expressed in the accessory glands of male Mediterranean Fruit Flies (Ceratitis capitata). Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 36, 846-856.

Tregenza, T., Wedell, N. & Chapman T. (2006) Sexual conflict: a new paradigm? Phil. Trans. Biol. Sci. 361, 229-234.

Corley, L.S., Cotton, S., McConnell, E., Chapman, T., Fowler, K. & Pomiankowski, A. (2006). Highly variable sperm precedence in the stalk-eyed fly Teleopsis dalmanni. BMC Evol. Biol. 6, 53.

Wigby, S. & Chapman, T. (2006). No evidence that experimental manipulation of sexual conflict drives pre-mating reproductive isolation in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Evol. Biol.19, 1033-1039.

Rogers, D.W., Grant, C.A., Chapman, T., Pomiankowski, A. & Fowler, K. (2006). The influence of male and female eyespan on fertility in the stalk-eyed fly Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. Anim. Behav. 72,1363-1369.

Barnes, A.I., Boone, J.M., Jacobson, J., Partridge, L. & Chapman, T. (2006) No extension of lifespan by ablation of germ-line in Drosophila. Proc. R. Soc. B, 273: 939-947.

Chapman, T. (2006) Evolutionary conflicts of interest between males and females. Current Biology, 16, 744-754.

Chapman, T., Pomiankowski, A. & Fowler, K. Quick Guide, Stalk-eyed flies. (2005) Current Biology, 15, R533-R535.

Davies, S.J., Kattel, R., Bhatia, B., Grandison, R. Petherwick A. & Chapman, T. (2005) The effect of diet and sex on longevity in Mediterranean fruit flies (Ceratitis capitata), Diptera: Tephritidae. Experimental Gerontology, 40. 784-792.

Grant, C.A., Chapman, T., Pomiankowski, A. & Fowler, K. (2005) No detectable genetic correlation between male and female mating frequency in the stalk eyed fly Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. Heredity, 95, 444-448.

Pomiankowski, A., Denniff, M., Fowler, K. & Chapman, T. (2005) The costs and benefits of high mating rates in male stalk-eyed flies, Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. J. Insect Physiol., 51, 1165-1171

Rogers, D.W. Chapman, T., Fowler, K. & Pomiankowski, A. (2005) Mating-induced reduction in accessory reproductive organ size in the stalk eyed-fly Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 5,37.

Wigby, S. & Chapman, T. (2005) Sex peptide causes mating costs in female Drosophila melanogaster. Current Biology, 15, 316-321.

Rogers D. W., Baker, R. H., Chapman, T., Denniff, M., Pomiankowski, A. & Fowler K. (2005) Direct and correlated responses to artificial selection on male mating frequency in the stalk-eyed fly Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 18, 642-650.

Kraaijeveld, K., Katsoyannos, B. I., Stavrinides, M., Kouloussis, N. A. & Chapman, T. (2005) Investigation of remating, refractory period and the effect of sex ratio on remating in wild females of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. Animal Behaviour, 69, 771-776.

Chapman, T. & Davies, S. J. (2004) Functions and analysis of the seminal fluid proteins of male Drosophila melanogaster fruit flies. Peptides, 25, 1477-1490.

Wigby, S. & Chapman T. (2004) Sperm competition. Current Biology, 14, R100-R103.

Wigby, S. & Chapman, T. (2004) Female resistance to male harm evolves in response to manipulation of sexual conflict. Evolution, 58, 1028-1037.

Mair, W., Sgrò, C. M., Johnson, A. P., Chapman, T. & Partridge, L. (2004) Lifespan extension by dietary restriction in female Drosophila melanogaster is not caused by a reduction in vitellogenesis or ovarian activity Experimental Gerontology, 39, 1011-1019.

Kraaijeveld, K. & Chapman, T. (2004) Effects of male sterility on female remating in the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. Biology Letters 271, S209-S211.

Reguera, P., Pomiankowski, A., Fowler, K & Chapman, T. (2004) Low cost of reproduction in female stalk eyed flies, Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. Journal of Insect Physiology, 50, 103-108.

Magwere, T., Chapman, T. & Partridge, L. (2004) Sex differences in the effect of dietary restriction on lifespan and mortality rates in female and male Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences. 59A, 3-9.

Chapman, T., Bangham, J., Vinti, G., Seifried, B., Lung, O., Wolfner, M.F., Smith, H.K. & Partridge, L. (2003) The sex peptide of Drosophila melanogaster: female post-mating responses analysed by using RNA interference. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 100, 9923-9928.

Chapman, T., Arnqvist, G., Bangham. J. & Rowe. L. (2003) Sexual conflict. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 18, 41-47.

Chapman, T., Arnqvist, A., Bangham, J. & Rowe, L. (2003) Response to Eberhard and Cordero, and Córdoba-Aguilar and Contreras-Garduño: sexual conflict and female choice. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 18, 440-441.

Baker, R. H., Denniff, M. Futerman, P., Fowler, K., Pomiankowski, A. & Chapman, T. (2003) Accessory gland size predicts time to sexual maturity and mating frequency in the stalk-eyed fly, Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. Behavioural Ecology, 14, 607-611.

Bangham, J., Chapman, T., Smith, H. K. & Partridge, L. (2003) Influence of female reproductive anatomy on the outcome of sperm competition in Drosophila melanogaster. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 270, 523-530.

Bangham, J., Chapman, T. & Partridge, L. (2002) Effects of body size, accessory gland and testis size on pre- and postcopulatory success in Drosophila melanogaster. Animal Behaviour, 64, 915-921.

Bonizzoni, M., Katsoyannos, B. I., Marguerie, R., Guglielmino C. R., Gasperi, G, Malacrida A & Chapman, T. (2002) Microsatellite analysis reveals remating by wild Mediterranean fruit fly females, Ceratitis capitata. Molecular Ecology, 11, 1915-1921.

Gaskin, T., Futerman, P. & Chapman, T. (2002) Male-male interactions reduce male longevity in the medfly, Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae). Animal Behaviour, 63, 121-129.

Grant, C. A., Fowler, K. & Chapman, T. (2002) No reduction of female sexual receptivity following mating in a stalk-eyed fly, Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni (Diptera: Diopsidae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 15, 210-215.

Chapman, T. (2001) Seminal fluid-mediated fitness traits in Drosophila. Heredity, 87, 511-521.

Chapman, T., Herndon, L. A., Heifetz, Y., Partridge, L. & Wolfner, M. F. (2001) The Acp26Aa seminal fluid protein is a modulator of early egg-hatchability in Drosophila melanogaster Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 268, 1647-1654.

Baker, R. H., Ashwell, R. I. S, Richards, T. A., Fowler, K., Chapman, T. & Pomiankowski, A. (2001) Effects of multiple mating and male eye span on female reproductive output in the stalk-eyed fly, Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. Behavioural Ecology, 12, 732-739.

Chapman, T., Neubaum, D. M., Wolfner, M. F. & Partridge, L. (2000). The role of male accessory gland protein Acp36DE in sperm competition in Drosophila melanogaster. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 267, 1097-1105.

Miyatake, T., Chapman, T. & Partridge, L. (1999) Mating-induced inhibition of remating in female Mediterranean fruit flies Ceratitis capitata Journal of Insect Physiology, 45, 1021-1028.

Chapman, T., Miyatake, T., Smith, H. K. & Partridge, L. (1998) Interactions of mating, egg production and death rates in females of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 265, 1879-1984.

Sgrò, C. M., Chapman, T. & Partridge, L. (1998) Responses to sex specific selection on remating frequency in Drosophila melanogaster. Animal Behaviour, 56, 1267-1278.

Herndon, L. A., Chapman, T., Kalb, J. M., Lewin, S, Partridge, L. & Wolfner, M. F. (1997). Mating and hormonal triggers regulate accessory gland gene expression in male Drosophila. Journal of Insect Physiology, 43, 1117-1123.

Chapman, T. & Partridge, L. (1996) Sexual conflict as fuel for evolution. Nature, 381, 189-190 (News & Views).

Chapman, T., Choffat, Y., Lucas, W. E. Kubli, E. & Partridge, L. (1996). Lack of response to Sex-Peptide results in increased cost of mating in dunce Drosophila melanogaster females Journal of Insect Physiology, 42, 1007-1015.

Chapman, T. & Partridge, L. (1996). Female fitness in Drosophila melanogaster: an interaction between the effect of nutrition and of encounter rate with males. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 263, 755-759.

Chapman, T. Liddle, L. F., Kalb, J. Wolfner, M. & Partridge, L. (1995). Cost of mating in Drosophila melanogaster females is mediated by male accessory gland products. Nature 373, 241-244.

Chapman, T., Trevitt, S. & Partridge, L. (1994). Remating and male derived nutrients in Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 7, 51-69.

Chapman, T., Hutchings, J. & Partridge, L. (1993). No reduction in the cost of mating for Drosophila melanogaster females mating with spermless males. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 253, 211-217.


Chapman, T. (1992). A cost of mating with males that do not transfer sperm in female Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Insect Physiology, 38, 223-227.